在好例子网,分享、交流、成长!
您当前所在位置:首页Perl 开发实例Perl语言基础 → Perl语言入门 第7版 (Learning Perl, 7th Edition) PDF原版

Perl语言入门 第7版 (Learning Perl, 7th Edition) PDF原版

Perl语言基础

下载此实例
  • 开发语言:Perl
  • 实例大小:6.39M
  • 下载次数:4
  • 浏览次数:12
  • 发布时间:2021-01-21
  • 实例类别:Perl语言基础
  • 发 布 人:liiziboa
  • 所需积分:2
 相关标签: perl edit pdf 第7版 pe

实例介绍

【实例简介】

by Randal L. Schwartz, brian d foy, and Tom Phoenix
Copyright © 2017 Randal L. Schwartz, brian foy, and Tom Phoenix. All rights reserved.
Printed in the United States of America.
Published by O’Reilly Media, Inc., 1005 Gravenstein Highway North, Sebastopol, CA 95472.
O’Reilly books may be purchased for educational, business, or sales promotional use. Online editions are
also available for most titles (http://safaribooksonline.com). For more information, contact our corporate/
institutional sales department: 800-998-9938 or corporate@oreilly.com.
Editor: Heather Scherer
Production Editor: Melanie Yarbrough
Copyeditor: Jasmine Kwityn
Proofreader: Sonia Saruba
Indexer: Lucie Haskins

【实例截图】

from clipboard

【核心代码】


Table of Contents
Preface. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xi
1. Introduction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Questions and Answers 1
Is This the Right Book for You? 1
What About the Exercises and Their Answers? 2
What If I’m a Perl Course Instructor? 3
What Does “Perl” Stand For? 4
Why Did Larry Create Perl? 4
Why Didn’t Larry Just Use Some Other Language? 4
Is Perl Easy or Hard? 5
How Did Perl Get to Be So Popular? 7
What’s Happening with Perl Now? 7
What’s Perl Really Good For? 7
What Is Perl Not Good For? 8
How Can I Get Perl? 8
What Is CPAN? 9
Is There Any Kind of Support? 9
What If I Find a Bug in Perl? 10
How Do I Make a Perl Program? 10
A Simple Program 11
What’s Inside That Program? 13
How Do I Compile My Perl Program? 15
A Whirlwind Tour of Perl 16
Exercises 17
2. Scalar Data. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Numbers 19
iii
All Numbers Have the Same Format Internally 20
Integer Literals 20
Nondecimal Integer Literals 21
Floating-Point Literals 21
Numeric Operators 22
Strings 23
Single-Quoted String Literals 24
Double-Quoted String Literals 24
String Operators 25
Automatic Conversion Between Numbers and Strings 26
Perl’s Built-In Warnings 27
Interpreting Nondecimal Numerals 28
Scalar Variables 29
Choosing Good Variable Names 30
Scalar Assignment 31
Compound Assignment Operators 31
Output with print 32
Interpolation of Scalar Variables into Strings 32
Creating Characters by Code Point 33
Operator Precedence and Associativity 34
Comparison Operators 36
The if Control Structure 37
Boolean Values 37
Getting User Input 38
The chomp Operator 39
The while Control Structure 40
The undef Value 40
The defined Function 41
Exercises 41
3. Lists and Arrays. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
Accessing Elements of an Array 44
Special Array Indices 45
List Literals 45
The qw Shortcut 46
List Assignment 47
The pop and push Operators 49
The shift and unshift Operators 49
The splice Operator 50
Interpolating Arrays into Strings 51
The foreach Control Structure 52
Perl’s Favorite Default: $_ 53
iv | Table of Contents
The reverse Operator 53
The sort Operator 54
The each Operator 54
Scalar and List Context 55
Using List-Producing Expressions in Scalar Context 56
Using Scalar-Producing Expressions in List Context 58
Forcing Scalar Context 58
<STDIN> in List Context 58
Exercises 59
4. Subroutines. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
Defining a Subroutine 61
Invoking a Subroutine 62
Return Values 62
Arguments 64
Private Variables in Subroutines 66
Variable-Length Parameter Lists 67
A Better &max Routine 67
Empty Parameter Lists 68
Notes on Lexical (my) Variables 69
The use strict Pragma 70
The return Operator 71
Omitting the Ampersand 72
Nonscalar Return Values 74
Persistent, Private Variables 74
Subroutine Signatures 76
Exercises 78
5. Input and Output. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
Input from Standard Input 81
Input from the Diamond Operator 83
The Double Diamond 85
The Invocation Arguments 85
Output to Standard Output 86
Formatted Output with printf 89
Arrays and printf 91
Filehandles 91
Opening a Filehandle 93
Binmoding Filehandles 96
Bad Filehandles 96
Closing a Filehandle 97
Fatal Errors with die 97
Table of Contents | v
Warning Messages with warn 99
Automatically die-ing 99
Using Filehandles 100
Changing the Default Output Filehandle 100
Reopening a Standard Filehandle 101
Output with say 102
Filehandles in a Scalar 102
Exercises 104
6. Hashes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107
What Is a Hash? 107
Why Use a Hash? 109
Hash Element Access 110
The Hash as a Whole 111
Hash Assignment 112
The Big Arrow 113
Hash Functions 114
The keys and values Functions 114
The each Function 115
Typical Use of a Hash 116
The exists Function 117
The delete Function 117
Hash Element Interpolation 118
The %ENV hash 118
Exercises 119
7. Regular Expressions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121
Sequences 121
Practice Some Patterns 123
The Wildcard 125
Quantifiers 126
Grouping in Patterns 130
Alternatives 133
Character Classes 134
Character Class Shortcuts 135
Negating the Shortcuts 137
Unicode Properties 137
Anchors 138
Word Anchors 139
Exercises 141
vi | Table of Contents
8. Matching with Regular Expressions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143
Matches with m// 143
Match Modifiers 144
Case-Insensitive Matching with /i 144
Matching Any Character with /s 144
Adding Whitespace with /x 145
Combining Option Modifiers 146
Choosing a Character Interpretation 146
Beginning and End-of-Line Anchors 148
Other Options 149
The Binding Operator =~ 149
The Match Variables 150
The Persistence of Captures 151
Noncapturing Parentheses 152
Named Captures 153
The Automatic Match Variables 155
Precedence 157
Examples of Precedence 158
And There’s More 158
A Pattern Test Program 159
Exercises 159
9. Processing Text with Regular Expressions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 161
Substitutions with s/// 161
Global Replacements with /g 162
Different Delimiters 163
Substitution Modifiers 163
The Binding Operator 163
Nondestructive Substitutions 163
Case Shifting 164
Metaquoting 166
The split Operator 166
The join Function 168
m// in List Context 168
More Powerful Regular Expressions 169
Nongreedy Quantifiers 169
Fancier Word Boundaries 170
Matching Multiple-Line Text 172
Updating Many Files 172
In-Place Editing from the Command Line 174
Exercises 176
Table of Contents | vii
10. More Control Structures. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 177
The unless Control Structure 177
The else Clause with unless 178
The until Control Structure 178
Statement Modifiers 179
The Naked Block Control Structure 180
The elsif Clause 181
Autoincrement and Autodecrement 182
The Value of Autoincrement 182
The for Control Structure 183
The Secret Connection Between foreach and for 185
Loop Controls 186
The last Operator 186
The next Operator 187
The redo Operator 188
Labeled Blocks 189
The Conditional Operator 190
Logical Operators 191
The Value of a Short-Circuit Operator 192
The defined-or Operator 193
Control Structures Using Partial-Evaluation Operators 194
Exercises 196
11. Perl Modules. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 197
Finding Modules 197
Installing Modules 198
Using Your Own Directories 199
Using Simple Modules 201
The File::Basename Module 202
Using Only Some Functions from a Module 203
The File::Spec Module 204
Path::Class 205
Databases and DBI 205
Dates and Times 206
Exercises 207
12. File Tests. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 209
File Test Operators 209
Testing Several Attributes of the Same File 213
Stacked File Test Operators 214
The stat and lstat Functions 216
The localtime Function 217
viii | Table of Contents
Bitwise Operators 218
Using Bitstrings 219
Exercises 222
13. Directory Operations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 223
The Current Working Directory 223
Changing the Directory 224
Globbing 225
An Alternate Syntax for Globbing 227
Directory Handles 228
Manipulating Files and Directories 229
Removing Files 230
Renaming Files 231
Links and Files 232
Making and Removing Directories 237
Modifying Permissions 239
Changing Ownership 239
Changing Timestamps 240
Exercises 240
14. Strings and Sorting. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 243
Finding a Substring with index 243
Manipulating a Substring with substr 245
Formatting Data with sprintf 246
Using sprintf with “Money Numbers” 247
Advanced Sorting 248
Sorting a Hash by Value 252
Sorting by Multiple Keys 253
Exercises 254
15. Process Management. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 255
The system Function 255
Avoiding the Shell 258
The Environment Variables 260
The exec Function 261
Using Backquotes to Capture Output 262
Using Backquotes in a List Context 264
External Processes with IPC::System::Simple 266
Processes as Filehandles 267
Getting Down and Dirty with Fork 269
Sending and Receiving Signals 270
Exercises 273
Table of Contents | ix
16. Some Advanced Perl Techniques. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 275
Slices 275
Array Slice 277
Hash Slice 279
Key-Value Slices 280
Trapping Errors 281
Using eval 281
More Advanced Error Handling 285
Picking Items from a List with grep 287
Transforming Items from a List with map 288
Fancier List Utilities 289
Exercises 291
A. Exercise Answers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 293
B. Beyond the Llama. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 329
C. A Unicode Primer. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 339
D. Experimental Features. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 349
Index. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 357


标签: perl edit pdf 第7版 pe

实例下载地址

Perl语言入门 第7版 (Learning Perl, 7th Edition) PDF原版

不能下载?内容有错? 点击这里报错 + 投诉 + 提问

好例子网口号:伸出你的我的手 — 分享

网友评论

发表评论

(您的评论需要经过审核才能显示)

查看所有0条评论>>

小贴士

感谢您为本站写下的评论,您的评论对其它用户来说具有重要的参考价值,所以请认真填写。

  • 类似“顶”、“沙发”之类没有营养的文字,对勤劳贡献的楼主来说是令人沮丧的反馈信息。
  • 相信您也不想看到一排文字/表情墙,所以请不要反馈意义不大的重复字符,也请尽量不要纯表情的回复。
  • 提问之前请再仔细看一遍楼主的说明,或许是您遗漏了。
  • 请勿到处挖坑绊人、招贴广告。既占空间让人厌烦,又没人会搭理,于人于己都无利。
;
报警